Ferdydurke

Witold Gombrowicz, Author, Danuta Borchardt, Translator, Susan Sontag, Foreword by Yale University Press $40 (320p) ISBN 978-0-300-08239-5
This masterpiece of European modernism was first published in 1937, and so arrived on the literary scene at an inopportune moment. First the Second World War, then Russian domination of Gombrowicz's Poland and the author's decades of exile in Argentina all but expunged public awareness of a novel that remains a singularly strange exploration of identity, cultural and political mores, and eros. Joey Kowalski narrates the story of his transformation from a 30-year-old man into a teenage boy. Joey awakens one morning gripped by fear when he perceives a ghost of himself standing in the corner of his room. He orders the ghost, whose face ""was all someone else's--and yet it was I,"" to leave. When the ghost is gone, Kowalski is driven to write, to create his own ""oeuvre,"" to be ""free to expound [his] own views."" A visitor arrives, a doctor of philosophy named Pimko. As Pimko talks to him, Kowalski begins to shrink, to become ""a little persona""; his oeuvre becomes a ""little oeuvre."" Pimko, in turn, grows larger and larger. He takes Kowalski to an old-fashioned Polish school, and then the man-boy's adventures adventures continue in a middle-class household and on the country estate of landed aristocrats. Kowalski's exploits are comic and erotic (for this is a modernism closer to dada and the Marx brothers than to the elevated tones of T.S. Eliot or Ezra Pound), but also carry a shrewdly subtle groundswell of philosophical seriousness. Gombrowicz is interested in identity and the way time and circumstance, history and place impose form on people's lives. Unsentimental, mocking and sometimes brutal, Kowalski's youthfulness is callow and immature, but it is also free to revel in desire. Susan Sontag ushers this new translation into print with a strong and useful foreword, calling Gombrowicz's tale ""extravagant, brilliant, disturbing, brave, funny... wonderful."" And it is. (Oct.)
Reviewed on: 08/14/2000
Release date: 08/01/2000
Paperback - 281 pages - 978-0-300-18167-8
Paperback - 281 pages - 978-0-300-08240-1
Hardcover - 272 pages - 978-0-7145-3403-9
Paperback - 290 pages - 978-0-14-008576-1
Open Ebook - 320 pages - 978-0-300-16465-7
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