Exile and Social Thought: Hungarian Intellectuals in Germany and Austria, 1919-1933

Lee Congdon, Author Princeton University Press $65 (376p) ISBN 978-0-691-03159-0
Bauhaus designer Laszlo Moholy-Nagy spoke of fighting the Nazis with his art. Sociologist Karl Mannheim sought a path from alienation to community. Art critic Erno Kallai viewed the surrealists Arp, Ernst and Klee as Jungian ``bioromantics.'' Georg Lukacs sketched a Marxist theory of literature. All were Hungarian exiles who fled their homeland in WW I's aftermath for Germany or Austria, where they played a pivotal role in creating Weimar culture. In a rich, complex intellectual and social history, Congdon portrays a group of exiles who, cut off from their Budapest home, attached themselves to larger families: the Bauhaus, the international avant-garde, the Austrian Social Democratic Party, the Roman Catholic Church, etc. Their attempt to create a wider world of shared values was shattered by the failure of postwar revolutions, leading many of these exiles to hope for the transformation of human consciousness through a long, slow process of education. Congdon is a history professor at James Madison University in Virginia. (June)
Reviewed on: 04/29/1991
Release date: 05/01/1991
Genre: Nonfiction
Hardcover - 394 pages - 978-0-691-63686-3
Paperback - 376 pages - 978-0-691-60839-6
Open Ebook - 394 pages - 978-1-4008-5290-1
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