(Ed. Note: We have been concerned about the effects of the post-September 11 wave of "patriotic correctness" on writers and publishers. Barbara Kingsolver wrote eloquently about the issue in the January 13 San Francisco Chronicle. We thank Kingsolver for her permission to excerpt that piece here.)

In the four months since September, we've moved from our first waves of dread and rage over a massacre to the slower task of facing what has been lost. In a thousand ways we've honored our dead with honorable behavior toward each other, but in some quarters we're still captive to fear. We hurt.

In our frustration with the impossibility of making our world safe, some are drawn to easier targets, willing to have straw-enemies set up in our midst to be shot down, to relieve the popular anger.

I've had my own instructive glimpse of a nation's psychology: I've watched, amazed, as some ultra-conservative journalists ignited an attack on my patriotism with a stunning prevarication that blazed like a grassfire through the Internet and countless newspapers, including the Wall Street Journal.

From deliberate beginnings, it roared through the fertile ground of careless journalism, where laziness can do the same work as malice. Not one editor called to verify before publishing an inflammatory misquote. The crowd wants drama, it seems.

For the record, I do not believe the American flag stands for "intimidation, censorship, violence, bigotry, homophobia and shoving the Constitution through a paper shredder."

I believe the opposite, and said so in a September 25 op-ed piece in the Chronicle, defending the flag from men who had waved it to justify death threats against U.S. Rep. Barbara Lee (D-Oakland), and the murder of a Sikh man in Arizona.

I asked if these monstrous men thought our flag stood for monstrous things (that's the source of the infamous quote, snipped from its context), and answered that I do not—for me it's an emblem of peace, generosity, courage and kindness.

I warned that in hard times, some confuse a nationalistic intolerance for patriotism. And my intolerant detractors chose this warning, out of all I've written, to turn on its head and use to bash me as unpatriotic.

Believe me, irony is not dead.

Like millions of Americans, I'm devoted to my country and also to spiritual convictions that don't allow me to celebrate violence as the best solution to any problem.

I've joined a legion of writers in recent months—Susan Sontag, Wendell Berry, Alice Walker, Molly Ivins, Arundhati Roy, Barry Lopez and many more—who are addressing the complex struggle of reconciling national and moral imperatives.

Extremists who won't tolerate this kind of dialogue have attacked us mightily in print. A few citizens have sent me a brand of vitriol previously unthinkable to me, in my many years of receiving mail from strangers. But I hear in much greater numbers from readers who've read me—not just read about me—and who appreciate words expressing the complexities that have tormented them since September.

Thoughtful readers know enough to roll their eyes whenever anyone tries to claim sole custody of our flag and wield it as a blunt instrument. They've responded to the assaults on writers of conscience by purchasing our books in record numbers. Many Americans understand patriotism as a higher calling than gossip-mongering.

If anyone else still thinks patriotism demands resolute obedience to the majority, let's go to Exhibit B. I have two American flags in my house. Each has its place where I can look up and remember: That's mine. It protects and represents me only because of Ida B. Wells, Susan B. Anthony and countless other women who risked everything so I could be a full citizen.

Each of us who is female, nonwhite or without land would have been guaranteed in 1776 the same voting rights as a horse. We owe a debt to Americans before us who refused to believe patriotism just meant going with the crowd.

Our history is one of courageous flag-wavers who risked threats and public ridicule for an unpopular cause: ours. Now that flag is mine to carry on, defending freedom and justice for all.

As we rebuild ourselves from the most terrible assault we've ever known, we raise our flags for what we love, declaring that heartlessness can't steal heart. No insult can touch the fact that we care enough about our country to work for what's best in us.

We've declared ourselves solidly behind New York and every victim of September 11, vowing that an injury to one of us is an injury to all. If our hearts are in that pledge, we can take the next step and dedicate ourselves to a mindful protection of religious and political minorities in our midst.

There are as many ways to love America as there are Americans. Our country needs us all.

Kingsolver's books include Prodigal Summer, The Poisonwood Bible and the forthcoming Small Wonder, a collection of essays to be published by HarperCollins in April.