In Kaddish.com, Shuli (née Larry) tries to set things right with his dead father, 20 years after paying a stranger to say Kaddish through the internet. Here, Englander shares the fascinations that drove his novel of obsession.
The book opens in 1999, when technology and private life began to blur. What thoughts about the internet did you bring to it?
I grew up really religious. I remember being tossed out of class for asking a question. It was like Philip Roth’s "The Conversion of the Jews." My rebellion was solely theological, which is just heartbreaking. They were asking us to believe in a god that could know what everybody in the world was doing, what they’d done before, and what they’re going to do next. Like a predictive omniscience. It was such a giant ask. And so looking back, I was like, we’ve built it! My Instagram is full-on creepy. It knows I’m hungry and it oThers me food. I think I found out my wife was pregnant from, like, a side ad.
Why are we susceptible to strong religious beliefs?
We’re in a moment of extreme black-and-whiteness, and I’m obsessed with the gray space. So I thought, this radically secular Larry still has his old self in him. What would it take to flip? "He used to be religious, now he’s secular," is so part of my bio. But then I was thinking, man, I’m so hardwired for switching. People tease me that I’m very bad at being secular. I feel like my wife’s afraid she’s going to come through the door and I’ll be koshering the kitchen, or I’ll turn Hasidic while she’s out picking up our kid. I’m also interested in giving mass to jokes. One of my first stories, "Reb Kringle," is about a Hasidic guy who can’t afford to pay for his synagogue, so he has to work as a Macy’s Santa Claus. I used to have long hair, and my sister’s religious friends used to say, "I could make such a great wig out of that hair." I was like, that’s a good joke—a woman who desperately needs a man’s hair.
Why was it important for Larry to mourn his father his way and reject the family’s pressure?
When a sister believes it’s a brother’s job to say Kaddish, it’s not symbolic. You need to say this prayer eight times a day for 11 months, and if you miss once, your father burns in hell. I wanted to find a bridge between such extraordinary opposing realities within a family. It had been 10 years since my father passed away when I started the book. It’s been really moving to be on the road and hear from people who’ve accidentally read it while mourning. People are reflecting on how they mourn. Your relationship continues. I really feel that I get closer to my father as the years go on.
In a dream, Shuli’s father inspires him to take on a crazy task. It reads like satire, but with real emotions. How did you balance that?
We’re all on a mission. It really doesn’t matter what it is… Did you watch Free Solo? I was like, is it even ethically tenable to film this guy? The fact that he’s not dead is actually surprising. I’m also interested in us having empathy for the framing of a mission. We all cheer this guy on. I’m almost 50 and I still need everyone’s approval. Maybe that’s the writing life. My wife is always like, "Are you on the phone with your mother again?" It doesn’t make any sense to be a writer. It’s not supposed to work. And even a er it does, you feel like it doesn’t. So you have a mission. What are you supposed to do except be on it?